Progressive Enlightenment: The Origins of the Gaslight by Leslie Tomory PDF

By Leslie Tomory

ISBN-10: 0262016753

ISBN-13: 9780262016759

In Progressive Enlightenment, Leslie Tomory examines the origins of the gaslight undefined, from invention to consolidation as a wide built-in city community. Tomory argues that gasoline was once the 1st built-in large-scale technological community, a designation frequently given to the railways. He exhibits how the 1st gasoline community used to be built and stabilized in the course of the creation of recent administration buildings, using technical controls, and the applying of capacity to constrain the habit of the clients of gasoline lights. Tomory starts by means of describing the contributions of pneumatic chemistry and business distillation to the advance of fuel lighting fixtures, then explores the bifurcation among the Continental and British traditions in distillation know-how. He examines the institution and consolidation of the hot by means of the Birmingham company Boulton & Watt, and describes the deployment of the community procedure by means of the entrepreneur Frederick Winsor. Tomory argues that the fuel represented a brand new wave of technological innovation in due to its dependence on formal medical learn, its want for giant quantities of capital, and its reliance on enterprise association past small agencies and partnerships -- all of which signaled a departure from the artisanal nature and restricted deployment of innovations past within the commercial Revolution. gasoline lighting fixtures was once the 1st vital consciousness of the Enlightenment dream of technological know-how within the carrier of industry.

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Guillaume P. de Syon's Science and Technology in Modern European Life (The PDF

By Guillaume P. de Syon

ISBN-10: 0313337683

ISBN-13: 9780313337680

The final centuries have visible unparalleled swap within the daily lives of Europeans. From the Napoleonic Wars to the tip of the chilly struggle, from the commercial Revolution to the pc Revolution, lots of those adjustments have been significantly motivated via the clinical and technological advances that came about in the course of that interval. This quantity within the Daily existence via History sequence examines how technology and know-how impacted the standard lifetime of glossy Europeans in all facets from in their lives.

Science and know-how in sleek ecu Life indicates how technological know-how and know-how encouraged each element of way of life:

• Transportation: From horse and carriage to the iron horse (the locomotive) and the horseless carriage

• conversation: the growth of mass tradition from the appearance of the newspaper and the image postcard to the advance of the web

• conflict and Imperialism: How ecu expertise enabled the colonization of a lot of the remainder of the realm, and the way the adjustments in conflict know-how eternally altered how conflict is performed

• the house: the nice adjustments of family know-how, and the way those adjustments altered the connection among males and women

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Andrew J. Shortland,Ian Freestone,Thilo Rehren's From Mine to Microscope: Advances in the Study of Ancient PDF

By Andrew J. Shortland,Ian Freestone,Thilo Rehren

ISBN-10: 184217259X

ISBN-13: 9781842172599

These twenty papers devoted to Mike Tite concentration upon the translation of historical artefacts and applied sciences, really throughout the software of fabrics research. tools from the human eye to mass spectrometry supply insights right into a diversity of applied sciences starting from classical alum extraction to Bronze Age wall portray, and canopy fabrics as various as niello, flint, bronze, glass and ceramic. Ranging chronologically from the Neolithic via to the medieval interval, and geographically from Britain to China, those case reviews supply an extraordinary evaluate so one can be of price to scholars, academics and researchers with an curiosity in early fabric culture.

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Ronald E. Doel,Thomas Söderqvist,Ronald Edmund Doel's The Historiography of Contemporary Science, Technology, and PDF

By Ronald E. Doel,Thomas Söderqvist,Ronald Edmund Doel

ISBN-10: 0415272947

ISBN-13: 9780415272940

ISBN-10: 0415391423

ISBN-13: 9780415391429

As historians of technological know-how more and more flip to paintings on contemporary (post 1945) technological know-how, the historiographical and methodological difficulties linked to the background of up to date technology are debated with transforming into frequency and urgency.

Bringing jointly gurus at the historical past, historiography and technique of contemporary and modern technological know-how, this publication stories the issues dealing with historians of know-how, modern technological know-how and medication, and explores new methods ahead.

With contributions from key researchers within the box, the textual content covers subject matters that may be of ever expanding curiosity to historians of post-war technology, together with the problems of having access to and utilizing mystery archival fabric, the interactions among archivists, historians and scientists, and the politics of facts and ancient accounts.

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Read e-book online The Development of Timber as a Structural Material: 8 PDF

By David T. Yeomans

ISBN-10: 0860787575

ISBN-13: 9780860787570

Woodworking has been essentially the most very important applied sciences from the earliest occasions. Carpentry was once very important for constructions and bridges and as an essential component of so much building tactics. The heritage of this topic has been explored via numerous students, from archaeologists who've studied medieval bushes strategies to engineers who've been drawn to the advance of bridges. different reviews have explored the tools of carpentry, the behaviour of the constructions that have been equipped or even the commercial and social histories at the back of the advance of carpentry recommendations. This e-book collects jointly a couple of papers representing this complete variety of scholarship in addition to supplying a common evaluate of labor within the field.

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New PDF release: The Mathematical Work of Charles Babbage

By J. M. Dubbey

ISBN-10: 0521216494

ISBN-13: 9780521216494

ISBN-10: 0521524768

ISBN-13: 9780521524766

Charles Babbage (1791–1871) is this present day remembered frequently for his try to whole his distinction and analytical engines, the foundations of which expect the foremost principles of the trendy electronic laptop. This ebook describes the evolution of Babbage's paintings at the layout and implementation of the engines by way of a close examine of his early mathematical investigations. Babbage is a virtually mythical determine of the Victorian period, but particularly little is understood approximately him and no authoritative account of his existence and paintings has seemed. He used to be essentially a mathematician and his early operating existence used to be committed customarily to the research of natural arithmetic. whereas containing a lot biographical info, this publication concentrates in this an important element of Babbage's work.

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New PDF release: Metallurgy: 1863-1963

By W.H. Dennis

ISBN-10: 0202363619

ISBN-13: 9780202363615

ISBN-10: 1138527998

ISBN-13: 9781138527997

The world's output of metals throughout the a hundred 12 months interval of 1863-1963 was once more than in all of the prior years of man's historical past. within the 19th century the single metals to be had to have been solid and wrought iron and some non-ferrous metals and their alloys; by way of the latter a part of the 20 th century, metal and aluminum ruled the realm, and metals that have been mere laboratory curiosities supplied the root for the know-how of nuclear power and house shuttle. This publication files the extreme historical past of metallurgical development, during which steel artwork used to be changed through steel technology. It is still a vintage paintings at the topic. The publication starts off with an introductory bankruptcy that surveys the total box to be lined, and follows with 8 chapters each one facing development in a single of the most important branches of the metallurgical undefined: ore dressing, pyrometallurgy, iron and metal, the main non-ferrous metals, new metals (such as uranium, germanium and cobalt), valuable metals, the shaping of metals, and metallography. The e-book reports advancements in all international locations, yet American perform - which led the area - is given distinct prominence. A word list of metallurgical phrases and entire identify and topic indexes are incorporated. The e-book is a uncomplicated reference paintings in addition to an soaking up heritage of a major element of man's technological progress.

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Science and Technology in World History - download pdf or read online

By James E McClellan,Harold Dorn

ISBN-10: 142141774X

ISBN-13: 9781421417745

ISBN-10: 1421417758

ISBN-13: 9781421417752

Tracing the connection among technological know-how and expertise from the sunrise of civilization to the early twenty-first century, James E. McClellan III and Harold Dorn’s bestselling ebook argues that know-how as "applied technological know-how" emerged rather lately, as and governments started investment clinical examine that will lead on to new or more suitable technologies.

McClellan and Dorn establish nice clinical traditions: the beneficial sciences, which societies patronized from time immemorial, and the exploration of questions on nature itself, which the traditional Greeks originated. The authors research clinical traditions that took root in China, India, and principal and South the US, in addition to in a chain of close to japanese empires in past due antiquity and the center a long time. From this comparative viewpoint, McClellan and Dorn survey the increase of the West, the clinical Revolution of the 17th century, the economic Revolution, and the fashionable marriage of technological know-how and expertise. They hint the advance of global technological know-how and know-how this present day whereas elevating provocative questions about the sustainability of commercial civilization.

This re-creation of Science and expertise in global background offers an enlarged thematic advent and considerably extends its therapy of business civilization and the technological supersystem equipped at the sleek electric grid. the web and social media obtain elevated realization. proof and figures were completely up to date and the paintings incorporates a accomplished advisor to assets, incorporating the key released literature in addition to a vetted record of web sites and net assets for college kids and lay readers.

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Tiago Saraiva's Fascist Pigs: Technoscientific Organisms and the History of PDF

By Tiago Saraiva

ISBN-10: 0262035030

ISBN-13: 9780262035033

ISBN-10: 0262536153

ISBN-13: 9780262536158

In the fascist regimes of Mussolini's Italy, Salazar's Portugal, and Hitler's Germany, the 1st mass mobilizations concerned wheat engineered to use chemical fertilizers, potatoes immune to overdue blight, and pigs that thrived on nationwide produce. foodstuff independence was once an early aim of fascism; certainly, as Tiago Saraiva writes in Fascist Pigs, fascists have been keen about tasks to feed the nationwide physique from the nationwide soil. Saraiva exhibits how such technoscientific organisms as in particular bred wheat and pigs turned vital parts within the institutionalization and growth of fascist regimes. The pigs, the potatoes, and the wheat embodied fascism. In Nazi Germany, simply vegetation and animals conforming to the hot nationwide criteria will be allowed to breed. Pigs that did not successfully convert German-grown potatoes into red meat and lard have been eliminated.Saraiva describes nationwide campaigns that intertwined the paintings of geneticists with new country bureaucracies; discusses fascist empires, contemplating pressured exertions on espresso, rubber, and cotton in Ethiopia, Mozambique, and japanese Europe; and explores fascist genocides, following Karakul sheep from a laboratory in Germany to jap Europe, Libya, Ethiopia, and Angola.Saraiva's hugely unique account -- the 1st systematic examine of the relation among technology and fascism -- argues that the "back to the land" element of fascism could be understood as a modernist test regarding geneticists and their organisms, mass propaganda, overgrown forms, and violent colonialism.

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